Basic Understanding: Lathe Machine Identifications
A Lathe Machine is manufactured from grey cast iron which includes Lathe Machine bed itself, Headstock, Tailstock, Slides & other most of the parts. The main reason it is made from grey cast iron because it can absorbs vibration better than steel and convert it in heat. Also, grey cast iron can be machined easily.
Bed: The bed of the lathe machine is the base of the lathe machine where all other parts of the machine are mounted. Preet Lathe Machine bed is made from graded grey cast iron. Machine bed is decided as per length of the turning required, which is called Admit Between Centre or Distance Between Centre.
Head Stock: The outer surface of the head stock is made from cast iron and it comprises of alloy spindle, gears and bearings. There are two types of headstocks that comes along with the machines i.e. Cone Pulley Head Structure & All Geared Head Structure. Please go through link for more detail on Head Structure:
Tail Stock: It is basically for giving support to the circular jobs being turned on centres. Dead Centre, Live Centre & Rotating Centre are used for these kinds of jobs where Tail Stock Spindle Centre is manufactured with Morse Taper as per job requirement.
Carriage: Carriage is mounted on the guide ways of the lathe machine and it can move in a direction parallel to the spindle axis. It comprises of important parts like apron, cross slide, saddle, compound rest and tool post.
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